The Design for Worship, cont’d. Exodus 25-40
Exodus 32-34 The Breaking of the Law
Exodus 34:1-5-God gave Moses a new set of tablets with the 10 Commandments on them. He also gave Moses additional information concerning the covenant He was making with Israel.
Exodus 34:6-7-God clearly reveals His character, His nature to Moses. He tells him that because He is compassionate and gracious and full of love…He is slow to anger over sin (slow to pass judgment against sin)…but instead, “keeps” (intends, desires for there to be, is ready to extend) forgiveness. When sin is forgiven…it ends there. However, that does not mean that He will not judge sin. In fact, there is no way that sin that is not repented of will go unpunished. And one of the reasons why God is so decisive when a person does not repent over sin…is because sin will have an affect not only on that person, but also on that persons descendants…showing up in their lives, as well…until it is dealt with. Sin doesn’t just disappear, but continues its devastating affects generation, after generation. Children learning and practicing patterns of sinful behavior from their parents. So, God judges sin (brings about immediate consequences) so that a person will repent and stop its continuing destruction from generation to generation.
Exodus 34:8-16-God now commands the people that they are to have no covenant with the people of the land that He is going to bring them to. Sadly, this very warning came true. The Hebrews did not destroy the inhabitants of the land and wound up intermarrying with them and worshipping their gods. God says that His name is “Jealous” (means: to have strong feelings for someone)…meaning that He will not share His worship with any other god (:15-17). This is something like a person who is asked if he is ready to do something and he responds, “My middle name is ready.” In words, this name is a description of God’s nature.
Exodus 34:17-28-In response to this covenant, Israel had responsibilities: do not worship any other god, or make an image of any other god (34:17); observe the feasts of Unleavened Bread (34:18), Weeks (34:22), and Passover (34:25); dedicate the first born male (34:19); keep the Sabbath (34:21).
Exodus 34:29-35-Moses' face "shone" (glowed) after each time that he went in to speak with God...so, when he came out he would put a veil over his head.
- He put a veil on his face: We could easily jump to the assumption that Moses wore the veil so the people would no longer be afraid to come near him. It is easy to think that the veil was to protect them from seeing the shining face of Moses. But Paul explained the real purpose of the veil: not to hide the shining face of Moses, but so that the diminishing glory of his face would not be observed, - because the glory was fading.
- Moses, who put a veil over his face, so that the children of Israel could not look steadily at the end of what was passing away (2 Corinthians 3:13).
- The Old Covenant had a glory, but it was a fading glory. God didn't want people to see the fading glory of the Old Covenant, and lose confidence in Moses.
iii. The Old Covenant was great and glorious - but it looks pretty pale in comparison to the New Covenant. A bright autumn moon may look beautiful and give great light, but it is nothing to the noon-day sun.
- The skin of Moses' face shone: The Hebrew verb for shone literally means, "shot forth beams." It is also related to a noun for "horn." This is why the Latin Vulgate mistranslated this verb as "having horns," and so in most medieval works of art Moses is wearing a pair of horns on his head.
David Guzik :: Study Guide for Exodus 34,
Exodus 35-40 The Construction of the Tabernacle
Exodus 35:1-4-Moses delivers God's commands to Israel. He first tells them about the Sabbath.
Exodus 35:5-36:7-Moses announces that an offering will be taken up to provide for the building of the Tabernacle...then, delivers God's specifications for the Tabernacle.
Exodus 35:30-35-Moses tells the people that God has designated certain men to be in charge of the building of the tabernacle. However, other people that are skilled will also be used (35:10,25-26).
Exodus 36:1-7-The people bring so much that they have to be "restrained" (36:6) from bringing any more.
Exodus 36:8-19-The curtains are made.
Exodus 36:20-34-The boards are made.
Exodus 36:35-38-The veil is made.
Prayer: Lord, help me to be as generous in my giving as these people were. Help me to use the talents that You have given me and the financial resources that You have given me to advance Your kingdom here, on earth.