1 Chronicles 14-16
The Reign of King David, cont’d. 1 Chronicles 9-29:21
1 Chronicles 14:1-Hiram, king of Tyre sent building materials to David.
King Hiram of Tyre
King of Tyre in the time of David and Solomon. After David had conquered Jerusalem, Hiram sent him cedar-wood and carpenters and masons so that he might build a house (II Sam. v. 11; I Chron. xiv. 1). Hiram was a friend of David throughout the latter's life (I Kings v. 15); and after David's death he continued on terms of friendship with Solomon (ib. v. 21 et seq.). Hiram supplied Solomon with cedar-trees, fir-trees, and Tyrian constructors for the building of the Temple; and Solomon repaid him with wheat and olive-oil (ib. v. 24, 25, 32; II Chron. ii. 14, 15). Twenty years later Hiram sent to Solomon gold and another large supply of cedar- and fir-trees; and Solomon gave him in return a present of twenty towns in Galilee (I Kings ix. 10, 11). Although Hiram was dissatisfied with the present, his friendship for Solomon did not diminish; and he sent Solomon a hundred and twenty talents of gold (ib. verses 12-14). Hiram permitted Solomon's ships to sail with his own to Ophir; and the Jewish sailors were guided by the Tyrians, who were the better mariners (ib. ix. 27, 28; x. 22).
For information on the ancient city of Tyre see:
1 Chronicles 14:3-David took more wives and had more sons
- David took more wives: This was in direct disobedience to Deuteronomy 17:17: Neither shall he multiply wives for himself, lest his heart turn away. 2 Samuel 5:13 tells us that David also took more concubines when he lived in Jerusalem.
- Chronicles makes no mention of David's sin with Bathsheba, but after the murder of her husband she was one of the more wives that David added to his household in Jerusalem.
- "That David took 'more wives' was a historical fact but a moral failure, directly contrary to the law … This sin led to a whole series of disasters later on." (Payne)
David Guzik :: Study Guide for 1 Corinthians 14,
1 Chronicles 14:8-17-The Philistines attacked Rephaim. David asked the LORD if he should attack and He said, "Yes,"...and they won. It happened a second time. David's fame spread throughout the nations.
1 Chronicles 15:1-29-David decides to try again to bring the Ark to Jerusalem. He builds a home for himself and a tent for the Ark. This time he does it the right way with the Levites carrying it (:13-15). David got caught up in the celebration of bringing the Ark into the city and began dancing. When his wife, Michal, the daughter of Saul, saw him..."she despised him in her heart" (:29)...maybe she thought that that was no way for a king to act.
- Michal, Saul's daughter, looked through a window and saw King David whirling and playing music: David didn't hold back anything in his own expression of worship. He didn't dance out of obligation but out of heartfelt worship. He was glad to bring the ark of the covenant of the LORD into Jerusalem according to God's word.
- This expression of David's heart showed that he had a genuine emotional link to God. There are two great errors in this area - the error of making emotions the center of our Christian life and the error of an emotionally detached Christian life. In the Christian life emotions must not be manipulated and they must not be repressed.
- From our knowledge of ancient and modern culture we can surmise that David's dance wasn't a solo performance. The context clearly puts him together with the other priests and Levits, and he probably danced with simple rhythmic steps together with other men in the way one might see Orthodox Jewish men today dance. In this context, David's linen ephod means he set aside his royal robes and dressed just like everyone else in the procession.
iii. It should also be observed that David's dancing was appropriate in the context. This was a parade with a marching band, a grand procession. David's dancing fit right in. If David did this as the nation gathered on the Day of Atonement it would be out of context and wrong.
- And she despised him in her heart: 2 Samuel 6:20-23 tell us more of Michal's complaint and of David's response to her. He sarcastically said to him, How glorious was the king of Israel today, uncovering himself today. Michal seemed to indicate that she didn't object to David's dancing, but to what David wore when he set aside his royal robes and danced as a man just like the other men celebrating in the procession. David acted as if he were just another worshipper in Israel, and this offended Michal.
- In response, David told Michal that his actions were before the LORD; that is, he simply explained the truth: "I did it for God, not for you." He went on to explain to her, and will be humble in my own sight. What David did was humbling to him. He didn't dance to show others how spiritual he was.
- "The incident illustrates the perpetual inability of the earthly minded to appreciate the gladness of the spiritual." (Morgan)
David Guzik :: Study Guide for 1 Chronicles 15,
1 Chronicles 16:1-43-There is a huge celebration over the bringing of the Ark into Jerusalem. David wrote a psalm just for this occasion.
- "The Psalm is found in the Book of Psalms; its first movement (8-22) in Psalm 105:1-15; its second movement (23-33) in Psalm 96:1b-13a; its third movement (34-36) consisting of a quotation of the opening and closing sentences of Psalm 106:1-47 and 48." (Morgan)
- "All three of the canonical psalms that he quoted are anonymous, 'orphan psalms' (without title) in the Old Testament Psalter; but on the basis of the king's use of them here, they should indeed be classed as his." (Payne)
David Guzik :: Study Guide for 1 Chronicles 16,
Prayer: Father, teach me to celebrate Your presence. I pray that You would forever, continuously keep the reality of Your presence with me…on my heart and mind. Don’t ever let me forget it. Help me to live each moment with the knowledge that You are there with me.