2 Samuel 4-6
The Crowning of David over Judah (he ruled for 40 years), cont’d. 2 Samuel 1-4
2 Samuel 4:1-When Ish-bosheth heard that Abner was dead, he became afraid. This greatly troubled the people of Israel.
2 Samuel 4:4-Mephibosheth (Jonathan's son)...was a cripple. His nurse had hidden him when Saul and Jonathan died...to keep others from killing him in order to gain the throne.
2 Samuel 4:5-12-Saul had two commanders in his army named Baanah and Rechab. They decided to overthrow Ish-bosheth and deliver his kingdom into David’s hand. Together, they murdered Ish-bosheth. They brought his head to David, thinking he would be pleased. However, David had them put to death.
The Crowning of David over Israel (he ruled for 33 years; 1 Chronicles 11-12) 2 Samuel 5-7
2 Samuel 5:1-5-David (30 years old) was made king of Israel (he reigned for 40 years total over Judah and Israel, :5)
2 Samuel 5:7-10-David captures Jerusalem (Zion)...it became the "city of David". He moved the capital there...it was well situated and in a neutral area, and very defensible. David grew in power.
2 Samuel 5:11-12-Hiram, king of Tyre, sent workers and materials to help David build a house. David realized that God had helped him to accomplish these things for the sake of Israel.
2 Samuel 5:13-16-David took more wives and concubines...and had more sons. This was a direct violation of Deuteronomy 17:17. It was a common practice in that day for alliances between countries to be sealed by the marriage of a king’s daughter to the other participant in the treaty. This seems to account for some of David’s and Solomon’s many wives (cf. 1 Kings 11:1-3). However, it still does not make it an acceptable practice in God’s eyes.
2 Samuel 5:17-24-Two different times the Philistines attack David...and each time he defeats them.
2 Samuel 6:1-23-David brought the Ark to Jerusalem. Along the way, it almost fell off of the cart that carried it. One of the men, Uzzah, grabbed it in order to steady it. When he did so, he died for doing so (cf. Numbers 4:15). This was because it was not being carried by the Levites as God had directed. This was a violation of God’s holiness…that was represented by the Ark. David became angry over this. He wasn’t angry at God…but at himself for allowing it to happen. At this point, David decided to not move the Ark any further and he left it at the home of Obed-edom the Gittite. God blessed his home. When David heard this he decided to again bring the Ark to Jerusalem. This time he did it in the manner that God had prescribed. David expressed his enthusiasm over bringing the Ark into Jerusalem by dancing in front of it as it arrived. His wife, Michal (Saul’s daughter), was embarrassed at his behavior. Her reason was that instead of wearing his royal attire…he wore a simple “ephod”, a sleeveless garment that extended to the hips. This does not suggest that he was unclothed, but not properly clothed…at least in her mind. To her, it appeared to make him look common (instead of like royalty) to the people who saw him. She expressed her disappointment directly to him. He rebuked her by reminding her that God had chosen him over her own father. She never had children. David offered sacrifices to the LORD in thanksgiving for the safe arrival of the Ark.
Prayer: Lord, help me to always remember to celebrate Your presence with us. I pray that our church services will be filled with celebration and worship over Your presence.