The Concern for Judah, cont’d. Jeremiah 2-45
Jeremiah 2-20 Undated Prophecies, cont’d.
Jeremiah 20:1-6-Pashhur was a priest and was the chief officer (responsible for law and order) at the Temple. He heard Jeremiah making his prophesies about the destruction of Jerusalem and has him put into stocks at the “upper Benjamin gate” (possibly the gate on the north side of the city) and publicly beaten. The next day he released him. Jeremiah tells him that God has given him a new name, "Magor-missabib"...which means "terror on every side". His name symbolized what lay ahead when Babylon conquered Jerusalem. He told him that he and his family would be deported to Babylon and would die there.
Jeremiah 20:7-18-Jeremiah complains that he has to be the one who is the prophet of doom. Everyone hates him...even his old friends (:10). But if he tries to not tell what God has given him...it is like a fire burning in his chest (:9). On one hand, he says that he will continue to praise God (:12-13). And on the other hand, he wishes he had never been born so that he would not have to do this (:14-18).
Jeremiah 21-38 Dated Prophecies
Jeremiah 21:1-22:9-During the last days of his reign (597-686 B.C.), King Zedekiah sent for Jeremiah and asked him what to do about Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, who was attacking. Jeremiah told him to submit to him. At the same time, the nobles were pushing for an alliance with Egypt to fight against Babylon.
Jeremiah 21:1-2-Zedekiah hopes that when God hears that he has sent Jeremiah to ask Him what He wants them to do about Babylon…He will rescue them…regardless of their sin.
Jeremiah 21:3-14-God tells them that not only is He going to allow Babylon to overcome them…but that He is going to help (:5,10). This is His punishment (:14). Zedekiah will be taken captive along with the people. They only have two choices: fight and die; or, give up and live (:8-9).
Jeremiah 22:1-9-God says that because the King did not rule his people with justice (21:12; 22:3)...He was judging them. Whenever someone passes by the city they will remember why it was destroyed (:8-9).
Jeremiah 22:10-30-God tells them to not cry for the dead…meaning King Josiah, who had recently died. Or, for “the one who goes away”…meaning Josiah’s son, Shallum, or for Jehoiakim, who reigned for 3 months before being deported to Egypt by King Neco (he never returned to the Promised Land, 2 Kings 23:29-35).
Jeremiah here prophesies what will happen to the descendants of King Josiah…they will all fall.
- Shallum, :10-12
- Jehoiakim, :13-19
22:13-19 A denunciation against Jehoiakim, the elder brother and successor of Shallum (also called Jehoahaz, cf. 1 Chronicles 3:15). He built elaborate royal buildings with forced labor (vv. 13-14). Jeremiah predicted that the normal form of lament would not be used when Jehoiakim died and that he would not be buried, but simply dragged out of the city and dumped on the garbage heap (the absence of “and was buried” in 2 Kings 24:6 is significant).
The Ryrie Study Bible, footnote on Jeremiah 22:13-19, p. 1154
- Jehoiachin/Coniah, :20-30
22:24-30 These verses describe the fate of Jehoiachin (here and in 37:1 called Coniah; also called Jeconiah, 24:1, 27:20), son of Jehoiakim. After a three-month reign, he was taken to Babylon, never to return (2 Kings 24:8-15; 25:27-30), in spite of Hananiah’s false prophecy to the contrary (Jer. 28:4,15; cf. 52:31-34).
22:30 childless. Although Coniah had 7 sons (perhaps adopted; cf. 1 Chron. 3:17), none occupied the throne. So as far as a continuing dynasty was concerned, Coniah was to be considered "childless." Although his line of descendants retained the legal throne rights, no physical descendant would ever prosperously reign on the Davidic throne. The genealogy of Matthew traces the descent of Jesus through Solomon and Jeconiah (Coniah) (Matt. 1:12); this is the genealogy of Jesus' legal father, Joseph. Luke traces Jesus' physical descent back through Mary and Nathan to David, by-passing Jeconiah's line and showing accurately the fulfillment of this prophecy of Jeremiah. If Jesus had been born only in the line of Joseph (and thus of Jeconiah), He would not have been qualified to reign on the throne of David in the Millennium…
The Ryrie Study Bible, footnotes on Jeremiah 22:24-30 and 22:30, p. 1155
Prayer: Lord, I pray for my descendants. Please help me to leave them a godly legacy to follow. And please give them Your wisdom and strength…so that they will live for You. I pray for every generation to be saved and that their families will all be saved. Please Lord…let every member of our family that is ever born bring You praise.