February 1

Exodus 27-28


The Design for Worship, cont’d.            Exodus 25-40


Exodus 25-31          The Details of the Tabernacle, cont’d.


Exodus 27:1-8-The Bronze Altar (7.5' x 7.5' x 4.5').  It was made of wood and covered in bronze so that it would light enough to be transported and yet, fireproof...the burnt sacrifices were offered here.  The horns were used to keep the sacrifice tied to the altar (cf. Psalm 118:27).

Exodus 27:9-19-The Court (150' x 75'…for comparison: a football field is 160’ wide) with curtains around it that were 7.5' high (the tabernacle itself only took up approximately 1/15 of this area).

Exodus 27:20-21-The Oil for the Lamp…the lamp was to burn continually...the Priests were responsible for it.


For an additional detailed explanation of the Tabernacle see:



Exodus 28:1-43-The Priests' Garments (Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, Ithamar)...the clothes were "for glory and for beauty"...


For a more detailed picture and description of the Priest’s clothing see: http://www.templeinstitute.org/beged/priestly_garments-7.htm

  • breastpiece ("of judgment"...of gold, blue, purple, scarlet material...square and open at the top...worn over the front of the ephod...12 stones were on it...the Urim and Thummim were placed in it)
  • ephod (a two-piece garment, front and back, of gold, blue, purple, scarlet material that was joined at the shoulders by straps
  • onyx stones (possibly emeralds) with names of sons of Israel engraved on them were attached to the shoulder straps of the ephod
  • robe (all blue...trimmed at the bottom with alternating bells and pomegranates...the bells made a tinkling "before the LORD, that he may not die" when he was in the holy place, 28:35)
  • tunic of checkered work
  • turban (28:36) had a plate of pure gold with the engraving "Holy to the LORD" on it...this was representative of the fact that because of the official holiness that God had given Aaron, he had the capacity to sanctify (make holy and acceptable) the imperfect offerings that people presented to God
  • sash (28:39)
  • breeches (pants worn underneath the robe, 28:42)

Aaron had the names of the sons of Israel engraved on 2 onyx stones (28:12) "as stones of memorial for the sons of Israel, and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD on his two shoulders for a memorial".  And he had 12 stones with the names of the sons of Israel attached to the breastplate of judgment (28:29) which he wore "over his heart when he enters the holy place, for a memorial before the LORD continually".  There were 2 stones (Urim and Thummim, 28:30) in the breastpiece..."they shall be over Aaron's heart when he goes before the LORD; and Aaron shall carry the judgment of the sons of Israel over his heart before the LORD continually".


Prayer:  Lord, as I read these verses I become aware that You have already arranged and provided everything that is necessary for me to worship You.  I don’t decide how to worship You…You have already given me the instructions.  That is important because how I worship You must be in accordance with Your nature and Your pleasure.  It is not my choice.  Jesus said that I must worship You in “spirit and truth”.  It must come from my heart and must be according to Your will.  Thank You, Lord, that You have not left worship up to chance.  Please, receive my worship of You this day and let it be acceptable in Your sight.


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