Read thru Old Testament Devotional – March 2, 2017

March 2

 

Numbers 28-29

 

A Time of Discipline…the People Wandering      Numbers 20:14-31, cont’d.

 

Numbers 27-30      The People Instructed, cont’d.

 

Numbers 28-29-Laws concerning Offerings restated...just before entering into the Promised Land

The regulations concerning sacrifices and festivals are stated again in chapters 28-29.  With the exception of Passover and the Day of Atonement, these feasts were happy occasions of celebration.

Numbers 28:3-8-Daily offerings (at twilight literally means “between the evenings”…some understand this to mean between sunset and nightfall, about 6:00-7:00pm; others understand it to mean between the sun’s decline and sunset, about 3:00-5:00pm)

Numbers 28:9-10-Sabbath offerings (special offerings in addition to the Daily offerings)

Numbers 28:11-15-Beginning of each month offerings (this was a more substantial offering than the Daily offering and the Trumpets were blown, cf. 10:10)

Numbers 28:16-Passover

Numbers 28:17-25-Feast of Unleavened Bread offerings (there were offerings made for seven days, vv. 19-24)

Numbers 28:26-31-Pentecost offerings (50 days after the Feast of Unleavened Bread)

Numbers 29:1-6-Feast of Trumpets offerings

Numbers 29:7-11-Day of Atonement offerings

Numbers 29:12-38-Feast of Tabernacles offerings

 

  1. Instructions Regarding Sacrifices (Numbers 28:1–29:40)

The divine origin of the sacrificial system is again underscored in the opening verses of Numbers 28. Sacrifices are figuratively called “food.”      The burning of this food upon the altar by God-fearing worshipers created an aroma pleasing to the Lord (28:1–2). The sacrifices prescribed periodically in Israel can be summarized as follows:

  1. Daily two lambs were to be offered, one in the morning and the other in the evening. The offering of each lamb was to be accompanied with a grain offering (flour mixed with olive oil) and a drink offering of wine which was poured out before the Lord. This was known as the regular burnt offering (28:3–8).
  2. Weekly on the Sabbath day an additional two lambs with appropriate grain and drink offerings were offered (28:9–10).
  3. On the first day of the month a burnt offering of two bulls, one ram and seven lambs was made. Grain and drink offerings varying in size accompanied these offerings. In addition, a male goat was offered on the new moon for a sin offering. Some scholars believe that the new moon was celebrated quarterly rather than monthly (28:11–15).

The special sacrifices required at the annual festivals are next delineated. Essentially, certain days during the annual festivals were treated as Sabbath days and the prescribed offerings were made: a burnt offering of two bulls, a ram and seven lambs with proportionate grain and drink offerings. This was true for each of the seven days of the Feast of Unleavened Bread (28:16–25), and the Feast of Weeks (28:26–31). On the Feast of Trumpets (29:1–6) and Day of Atonement (29:7–11) only one bull was required.

During each of the seven days of the Feast of Tabernacles fourteen lambs, two rams, and a male goat for a sin offering were required, along with a descending number of bulls. Thirteen bulls were offered on the first day, seven on the seventh day. The day after the week-long celebration of Tabernacles was also regarded as a Sabbath. A bull, a ram, and seven lambs were presented as a burnt offering and a male goat as a sin offering (29:12–38). This one feast accounted for a large percentage of the total annual sacrificial requirement of bulls 59%, rams 40% and goats 36%.

Chart 42 depicts the regular communal sacrifices required under the Law. These figures do not include freewill and votive offerings.

 

Chart No. 42

REQUIRED COMMUNAL OFFERINGS

 

 

 

BURNT OFFERINGS

 

SIN OFFERING

 

Occasion

 

Bulls

 

Rams

 

Lambs

 

 

 

Daily (x 364)*

 

 

 

 

 

728

 

 

 

Sabbath (x 52)

 

 

 

 

 

104

 

 

 

New Moon (x 4)*

 

8

 

4

 

28

 

4

 

Unleavened Bread

(x 7)

 

14

 

7

 

49

 

7

 

Pentecost

 

2

 

1

 

7

 

1

 

Trumpets

 

1

 

1

 

7

 

1

 

Atonement

 

1

 

1

 

7

 

1

 

Tabernacles

 

71

 

15

 

105

 

8

 

Annual Totals>>>

 

97

 

29

 

1035

 

22

 

Smith, J. E. (1993). The Pentateuch (2nd ed., Nu 28:1–29:40). Joplin, MO: College Press Pub. Co., Logos Bible Software

 

For a Jewish explanation of the Feasts see:

https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/Festivals_in_Israel.html

 

Prayer: Lord, let my heart rejoice in You. I pray that I never forget how blessed I am to know and worship You.  Let every day of my life be a feast, a celebration to You.

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