History of the Period of the Judges Judges 3:7-16:31, cont’d.
Judges 10:1-2 Judge: Tolah
Judges 10:1-2-Tola (from Issachar) was judge over Israel for 23 years.
Judges 10:3-5 Judge: Jair
Judges 10:3-5-Jair (from Gilead) was judge over Israel for 22 years (he had 30 sons who lived in 30 cities and rode 30 donkeys).
Judges 10:6-12:7 Oppressor: Ammonites…Deliverer: Jephthah
Judges 10:6-9-The Israelites began to worship other gods…so God, "He sold them into the hands of the Philistines, and...Ammon." This went on for 18 years.
Judges 10:10-16-The Israelites, once again, cried out to God for help...but God told them, "I will deliver you no more. Go and cry out to the gods which you have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your distress." The people confessed their sin and stopped serving the other gods. "He could bear the misery of Israel no longer."
Judges 10:17-18-The Ammonites come to battle with Israel...and Israel tries to decide who will lead them.
Judges 11:1-11-Jephthah (Gildeadite) was the son of Gilead by a harlot. Gilead's other sons had driven him away so that he would not get a part of the inheritance. He lived in Tob and associated with "worthless fellows". The elders of Israel asked him to lead their army, but he told them that they hated him and drove him away, why should he help them, now? They promised to make him the head of Gilead. He agreed.
Judges 11:12-28-Jephthah communicates with the king of Ammon...who says that they want the land back that Israel took from them when they came from Egypt. Jephthah correctly tells him that it belonged to the Amorites when they took it, not the Ammonites. Jephthah says that whatever land the LORD God has given them, they will possess. And, let the Ammonites possess what land their god, Chemosh gives to them (vv. 23-24). The king did not listen to what Jephthah had to say.
Judges 11:29-31-Jephthah makes a rash vow to God that if he wins the battle...when he returns, he will sacrifice whatever comes out of the door of his house (:30-31).
Judges 11:32-33-Jephthah wins and when he returns the first thing to come out of his house is his only child, a daughter...celebrating his victory.
11:39 Some understand that Jepthah’s daughter was only dedicated to the service of God in a life of celibacy and not actually slain. Others hold she was killed according to Canaanite practices which Jephthah had embraced.
Ryrie Study Bible, Judges 11:39 footnote, p. 385
Prayer: Lord, I see Your incredible mercy and patience, here. Over and over again Israel worshipped other gods. And yet, each time, when they repented, You brought them back. Lord, don’t ever let me try to take advantage of Your grace. Help me to always realize that while You will take me back when I repent…there are still consequences for my sin.