October 16

October 16


Isaiah 59-61


The Exaltation of God’s Kingdom                  Isaiah 40-66, cont’d.

Isaiah 58-66      God Secures Those in His Kingdom, cont’d.

Isaiah 59:1-2-God says that the problem is not that God does not have the power to save Israel from its problems, or that He does not know about them.  The problem is that their sins have separated them from Him (they do not accept Him for Who He is...their one and only God) and because of this when they pray He will not answer them.


  1. In what way does sin separate us from God? Sin does not necessarily separate us from the presence of God, because God is present everywhere (Psalm 139:7) and even Satan can have an audience with God (Job 1:6). Sin does not separate us from the love of God, because God loves sinners (Romans 5:8). But sin still does separate.

- Sin separates us from fellowship with God, because at least at the point of our sin, we no longer think alike with God.

- Sin separates us from the blessing of God, because at least at the point of our sin, we are not trusting God and relying on Him.

- Sin separates us from some of the benefits of God's love, even as the Prodigal Son (Luke 15:11-32) was still loved by the father, but didn't enjoy the benefits of his love when he was in sin.

- Sin separates us, in some way, from the protection of God, because He will allow trials to come our way to correct us.

  1. How easy it is for us to blame our problems on everything except our iniquities! We will even blame God before seeing that the problem is with us! We will deny who God is before seeing that the problem is with us!

David Guzik :: Study Guide for Isaiah 59,



Isaiah 59:3-8-God lists their sins…that separate them from Him.

Isaiah 59:9-15-Israel comes to the realization that their sin is the cause of the separation from God and confesses their sins (:9-11). The primary sin is that they know that they are sinning, and yet are unwilling to do anything about it (:12-15).

Isaiah 59:16-20-Since Israel can do nothing about their sins, God says that He will do something...He will send a "Redeemer" (:20) who will “intercede” (:16) for them.


  1. The Redeemer will come to Zion: After speaking in the third-person through the prophet, now the LORD speaks in the first-person through the prophet. When He speaks, He declares: the Redeemer - the goel - will come to Zion.
  2. The goel - sometimes translated kinsman-redeemer, here simply as Redeemer -had a specifically defined role in Israel's family life. The kinsman-redeemer was responsible to buy a fellow Israelite out of slavery (Leviticus 25:48). He was responsible to be the "avenger of blood" to make sure the murderer of a family member answered to the crime (Numbers 35:19). He was responsible to buy back family land that had been forfeited (Leviticus 25:25). And he was responsible to carry on the family name by marrying a childless widow (Deuteronomy 25:5-10). In these, we see that the goel, the kinsman-redeemer, was responsible to safeguard the persons, the property, and the posterity of the family.
  3. When the New King James Version capitalizes Redeemer, it does so rightly - because our goel is Jesus Christ. He is our near kinsman because He has added perfect humanity to His deity. He is the one who buys us out of slavery. He is the one who avenges wrongs done to us. He protects our inheritance, and blesses and guards our posterity. This promise of the LORD in Isaiah 59:20 could be reworded, "I will send My Messiah, the Redeemer for all humanity, Jesus of Nazareth!"
  4. Who does the Redeemer come to? To those who turn away from transgression. The goel only worked for those who asked for His services, and knew they needed Him.

David Guzik :: Study Guide for Isaiah 59,



Isaiah 59:21-The Redeemer will be means by which God will establish a covenant with His people. Notice the characteristics of this covenant…

  • It is God’s covenant…He established it and only He could ever break it
  • The Holy Spirit will be given to those with whom the covenant is established
  • It is based on His “words”…and once it is established, it is eternal.Isaiah 60:4-9-The people of Israel will return from around the world to Jerusalem (in the Millennial Kingdom).  Israel will be blessed by the abundance of what God provides.Isaiah 60:15-22-The LORD Himself will be the light of the Kingdom (:19).  This could mean that no longer will Israel have to depend on the light of this world to shine on them (i.e.-depend on what the world can provide), but they will depend on the light of God (i.e.-depend on God to provide).  All of this will happen so that the LORD will be glorified (:21).Isaiah 61:4-11-Isaiah describes what life will be like in the Millennial Kingdom.  It will be a place of joy, justice, and praise to God.
  • Isaiah 61:1-3-A description of the coming of the Messiah...His first coming at the rapture of the church (:1-2a) and His second coming when He returns to the earth and will establish His Millennial Kingdom (:2b-3).  In Luke 4:18-19, Jesus read this passage in the synagogue and applied it to Himself…but, He only used the portion that spoke of His first coming.
  • Isaiah 60:10-14-The people of the nations of the world will come to Jerusalem and will serve Israel.  There will be great financial blessings.
  • Isaiah 60:1-3-The future of Israel will be wonderful because of the presence of God with them.

Prayer: Lord, I long for Your return.  Oh, what joy there will be in Your presence in Heaven.  But until that time comes…help me to live now as a citizen of Heaven, as a member of Your kingdom.  Teach me the principles of Heavenly life so that I can begin to live as a faithful, obedient follower even now, right here on earth.

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