October 1

October 1


Isaiah 22-23


The Condemnation of Man’s Kingdoms         Isaiah 1-39, cont’d.

Isaiah 13-23      The Judgment of other Kingdoms, cont’d.

Isaiah 22:1-25-Judgement against Jerusalem

Isaiah 22:5-The “day of panic” is a reference to the attack on Jerusalem by Babylon (589-587 B.C.)

Isaiah 22:6-“Elam” is Persia (cf. 21:2).

Isaiah 22:2-14-Jerusalem is being judged for…

  • forsaking God during times of plenty (:2)
  • trusting in the provision of their leaders instead of God (:8-11, they thought that if they had an adequate water supply they could outlast the siege)
  • their contempt for God’s righteous judgment , failure to repent, and its eternal consequences (:12-14)


(1.) They made a jest of dying. "The prophet tells us we must die shortly, perhaps to-morrow, and therefore we should mourn and repent to-day; no, rather let us eat and drink, that we may be fattened for the slaughter, and may be in good heart to meet our doom; if we must have a short life, let it be a merry one.'

(2.) They ridiculed the doctrine of a future state on the other side death; for, if there were no such state, the apostle grants there would be something of reason in what they said, 1 Co. 15:32. If, when we die, there were an end of us, it were good to make ourselves as easy and merry as we could while we live; but, if for all these things God shall bring us into judgment, it is at our peril if we walk in the way of our heart and the sight of our eyes, Eccl. 11:9. Note, A practical disbelief of another life after this is at the bottom of the carnal security and brutish sensuality which are the sin, and shame, and ruin of so great a part of mankind, as of the old world, who were eating and drinking till the flood came.

Matthew Henry :: Commentary on Isaiah 22,



Isaiah 22:15-25-Shebna was the steward responsible for the royal family’s financial affairs. He had exalted himself by having a tomb prepared for his death…that he anticipated to be some time off.  However, God says that Shebna was acting presumptuously and that in fact he would die in another country to which he would be deported (:17-18).  His responsibility would be given to Eliakim.  God is the one Who will give Him this assignment (:20-25).


For a more complete explanation of this change see:

Matthew Henry :: Commentary on Isaiah 22,



Isaiah 23:1-18-Judgement against Tyre


The ancient city of Tyre was part of Phonecia.  It was located on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea.




Tyre is an ancient Phoenician port city which, in myth, is known as the birthplace of Europa (who gave Europe its name) and Dido of Carthage (who gave aid to, and fell in love with, Aeneas of Troy). The name means 'rock' and the city consisted of two parts, the main trade centre on an island, and 'old Tyre', about a half mile opposite on the mainland. The old city, known as Ushu, was founded c. 2750 BCE and the trade centre grew up shortly after. In time, the island complex became more prosperous and populated than Ushu and was heavily fortified. The prosperity of Tyre attracted the attention of King Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon who lay siege to the city for thirteen years in the 6th century BCE without breaking their defenses. During this siege most of the inhabitants of the mainland city abandoned it for the relative safety of the island city. Ushu became a suburb of Tyre on the mainland and remained so until the coming of Alexander the Great. The Tyrians were known as workers in dye from the shells of the Murex shellfish. This purple dye was highly valued and held royal connotations in the ancient world. It also gave the Phoenicians their name from the Greeks - Phoinikes - which means "purple people". The city-state was the most powerful in all of Phoenicia after surpassing its sister state Sidon. Tyre is referenced in the Bible in the New Testament where it is claimed that both Jesus and St. Paul visited the city and remains famous in military history for Alexander the Great's seige.

Ancient History Encyclopedia, Joshua J. Mark,



For additional information on the ancient city of Tyre see:



Isaiah 23:15-18


23:15-17 seventy years. From Nebuchadnezzar’s conquest to the fall of Babylon, Tyre was weak and poor. Under the Persians she regained some of her former power, until Alexander the Great demolished the city in 332.

The Ryrie Study Bible, Charles Ryrie, footnote on 23:15-17, p. 1045


Prayer: Lord, teach me the difference between faith and presumption.  Help me to know the difference between when it is You that is leading me…and when I am responding to my own desires.  Don’t let confuse the two.


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