The Concern for Judah, cont’d. Jeremiah 2-45
Jeremiah 21-38 Dated Prophecies, cont’d.
Jeremiah 31-This chapter continues to describe the restoration of Israel…
- verses 1-22 are about the Northern Kingdom (Israel)
- verses 23-26 are about the Southern Kingdom (Judah)
- verses 27-40 are about both Kingdoms
Northern Kingdom (:1-22)
Jeremiah 31:1-“At that time”…during the Millennial Kingdom when the nations are restored.
Jeremiah 31:2-“The people who survived the sword”…those that escaped the brutal attack of Egypt.
Jeremiah 31:3-14-God is speaking to Israel and telling its people that He will one day call them back to the land. These verses describe the joy that they will experience when that day comes.
Jeremiah 31:15-22-God assures the people of Israel that despite the way things looked at the time…they would return to Israel
31:15 Ramah. A town 5½ miles N. of Jerusalem, used as an assembly point for the captives taken to Babylon (40:1). Rachel. The mother of Joseph and Benjamin is seen weeping over the exiles, but is assured that they will return (31:16). This weeping is used as a type in connection with Herod’s slaughter of the infants (Mt. 2:18).
The Ryrie Study Bible, footnote on Jeremiah 31:15, p. 1170
Southern Kingdom (:23-26)
Jeremiah 31:26-Jeremiah said that this prophesy had come to him in a dream and when he woke up he realized that his dream had been pleasant because it dealt with God’s provision for His people.
Both Kingdoms (:27-40)
Jeremiah 31:29-30-The people were saying that they had been punished for the sins of their fathers. God says that a day is coming when they will no longer say that. Each person will acknowledge that he is responsible for his own sin…and no one others.
Jeremiah 31:31-34-This is the principal Old Testament passage that teaches about the New Covenant (cf. Isaiah 59:20-21; Jeremiah 32:37-40; Ezekiel 16:60-63; 37:21-28; Hebrews 8:6). It will be different from the Old Covenant in that it will be an unconditional covenant (31:32). It will occur when the Lord returns (Romans 11:26-27). Its provisions include:
- a change of heart (:33);
- fellowship with God (:3e);
- knowledge of the Lord (:34);
- forgiveness of sins (:34);
- it is permanent (:35-37).
Jeremiah 31:38-40-At that time, Jerusalem will be rebuilt.
The events of this chapter occurred in 587-586, when the Babylonians were besieging Jerusalem and Jeremiah was in custody (37:11-21).
The Ryrie Study Bible, footnote on 32:1, p. 1172
Jeremiah 32:1-2-While Babylon was attacking Jerusalem, King Zedekiah had Jeremiah arrested and held as a prisoner.
Jeremiah 32:6-15-God told Jeremiah that Hanamel would come to him and ask him to buy a field in Anathoth from him which had already been captured by the Babylonians. When Hanamel showed up…it convinced Jeremiah that he was supposed to do so (:8). His actions showed his trust in the promise of God that one day his descendants would return to the land and it would be theirs by "the right of redemption” (:7). He then took the deed to Baruch and told him and other people that God had told him to buy the land and that one day the people would be brought back and his descendants would then own the land (:15).
Jeremiah 32:16-27-After he had made the purchase Jeremiah had second thoughts and prayed to the Lord. But God told him that nothing was too difficult for Him to accomplish.
Jeremiah 32:28-44-God tells Jeremiah that even though the Babylonians have conquered the land...a day will come when Israel will return and will again own the land.
Prayer: Father, thank You for allowing us to see both the faith and the frailty of Jeremiah. On one hand, he has faith to purchase the field and publicly announce that You told him to do so and that one day it will belong to his descendants. What courage! What boldness! Then he turns right around and asks You if he did the right thing, or if he had just imagined it. What happened? He was human…just like me. It would be so much more difficult to follow You if the individuals in the Bible that were are supposed to be our examples were perfect, and never struggled with faith, and never failed. But they were so…human. But despite that and regardless of their inconsistencies…You never quit on them. You loved them, and saved them, and kept them…despite…everything. God, there’s hope for me!