The Laws that Govern the Future Deuteronomy 4:44-26:19, cont’d.
Deuteronomy 19:1-26:29 Laws Concerning Human Relationships, cont’d.
Deuteronomy 20:1-20-Laws concerning warfare.
When you go out to battle…do not be afraid of them; because the LORD…is with you…
Before going into battle the Priest is to speak to soldiers and remind them that God is with them.
Then, the officer is to speak and ask who has just built a new house, our put in a new vineyard, or is engaged to a woman…he is to go home. Then, he is to tell them that if they are afraid, go home so that you don't cause others to be afraid.
When you are about to attack a city, first offer it terms of peace.
When you conquer a city that is far from you, kill all of the men; but, in a city that is a part of your inheritance, nothing shall be left alive (20:15-16). The reason is so that they will not lead the people to follow after other gods. When attacking a city don’t destroy the fruit trees.
Deuteronomy 21:1-9-Laws concerning murder
The closest city is to offer a sacrifice so that they will not be guilty.
21:1-9 In the event of undetected homicide in the open countryside, the elders of the nearest city had to make atonement according to this prescribed ritual, under the jurisdiction of the priests.
21:8 forgiven Apparently the city incurred guilt by not making nearby roads safe for travel.
Ryrie Study Bible, Deuteronomy 21:1-9 footnote; Deuteronomy 21:8 footnote, p. 302
Deuteronomy 21:10-22:30- Laws concerning marriage and family life
Deuteronomy 21:10-14-The Law concerning marriage to a woman who has been taken captive. You may marry a woman who is captured…but later can let her go if you are not pleased with her. This assumes going through the proper process of granting her a divorce according to 24:1-4.
Deuteronomy 21:15-17-The Law concerning a man who has two wives and the inheritance rights of the sons.
Deuteronomy 21:18-21-The Law concerning a rebellious son and his punishment. What to do if a son is rebellious (glutton, drunkard)...he is to be stoned (21:21)...it will serve as a warning to the people.
An example of rebellions was given in 13:6-11. Anarchy in the home breeds anarchy in society; that is why this is such a serious matter. However, the elders for the final authority, not a father. According to Jewish tradition, this punishment was never carried out, though it was a strong deterrent to juvenile delinquency!
Ryrie Study Bible, Deuteronomy 21:18-21 footnote, p. 303
Deuteronomy 21:22-The Law concerning a man who has committed a crime worthy of capital punishment and his being hung.
Hanging was not the usual means of death but a sequel to death, in order to expose the corpse to ultimate disgrace…
Ryrie Study Bible, Deuteronomy 21:22-23 footnote, p. 303
Deuteronomy 22:1-4-If you find someone's animal running loose you are to return it to them. This also applies to finding something that someone has lost.
Deuteronomy 22:5-A woman is not to dress like a man, or a man like a woman.
Deuteronomy 22:6-7-Leave the mother so that more birds will be produced. This was a sound ecological practice.
Deuteronomy 22:8-Take safety precautions when you build a home to keep someone from being hurt.
Deuteronomy 22:9-11-Do not sow two different kinds of seed together, plow with two different kinds of animals, or mix different materials together for clothing.
For information on these prohibitions see:
Deuteronomy 22:13-21-What to do if a man marries a woman and then finds out that she was not a virgin.
For an interesting article that explains this practice see:
Deuteronomy 22:22-What to do if a man is caught in an adulterous affair (cf. John 8:4).
Deuteronomy 22:23-29-What to do if a virgin who is engaged is raped.
Deuteronomy 22:30-A man may not marry his father's wife...stepmother (cf. Lev. 18:6,8).
Prayer: Lord, laws are necessary for men to live together, in a society. But I pray that You will guide my heart. Don’t let me just do what the law requires. But let Your Holy Spirit so live through me that Your righteousness and love will guide me in my relationships with other people.